The star of Ishtar, i.e. the planet Venus. Ishtar, in other countries
and times called Astarte,
was the goddess of war, sex and fertility. An eightpointed
star sign often represented this goddess in the Near East for a
great many centuries before the birth of Christ. For the origins of
this way to represent her, see in Group 29.
This version of the eightpointed star was found on a Babylonian seal from around 800 B.C.
Today, in the same region where Ishtar/Astarte was worshipped, the star of Venus is often drawn , and appears together with the crescent of the waning moon as on flags for many or most of the Islamic countries there.